Should We Be Worried About Extra Reserves?

Should We Be Worried About Extra Reserves?

Economic Policy Papers are derived from policy-oriented research made by Minneapolis Fed staff and specialists. The papers are an intermittent show for the basic market. The views expressed here are the ones associated with writers, certainly not those of other people when you look at the Federal Reserve System.

Executive Overview

Banking institutions in america have actually the possibility to improve liquidity unexpectedly and significantly—from $12 trillion to $36 trillion in money and simply accessed deposits—and could thus cause inflation that is sudden. This will be feasible considering that the nation’s fractional bank system enables banking institutions to transform extra reserves held during the Federal Reserve into loans from banks at about a ratio that is 10-to-1. Banking institutions might participate in such transformation if they think other banks are going to achieve this, in a fashion much like a bank run that produces a prophecy that is self-fulfilling.

Policymakers could protect well from this inflationary possibility by the Fed attempting to sell monetary assets it acquired during quantitative easing or by Congress dramatically increasing book needs.


Banks in america currently hold $2.4 trillion excessively reserves: deposits by banking institutions during the Federal Reserve in addition to what they’re legitimately expected to hold to straight straight straight back their checkable deposits (and a little level of other kinds of bank records). more “Should We Be Worried About Extra Reserves?”